Integrated health information system based on Resident Assessment Instruments. [Dutch]

TitleIntegrated health information system based on Resident Assessment Instruments. [Dutch]
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsFrijters D., Achterberg W., Hirdes J.P, Fries B.E, Morris J.N, Steel K.
JournalTijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Volume32
Issue1
Pagination8-16
Keywords*geriatric care, *health service, Aged, article, health care system, Human, information system, mental health care, nursing home, outcomes research, reimbursement, residential care
Abstract

The paper explores the meaning of Resident Assessment Instruments. It gives a summary of existing RAI instruments and derived applications. It argues how all of these form the basis for an integrated health information system for 'chain care' (home care, home for the elderly care, nursing home care, mental health care and acute care). The primary application of RAI systems is the assessment of client care needs, followed by an analysis of the required and administered care with the objective to make an optimal individual care plan. On the basis of RAI, however, applications have been derived for reimbursement systems, quality improvement programs, accreditation, benchmarking, best practice comparison and care eligibility systems. These applications have become possible by the development on the basis of the Minimum Data Set of RAI of outcome measures (item scores, scales and indices), case-mix classifications and quality indicators. To illustrate the possibilities of outcome measures of RAI we present a table and a figure with data of six Dutch nursing homes which shows how social engagement is related to ADL and cognition. We argue that RAI/MDS assessment instruments comprise an integrated health information system because they have consistent terminology, common core items, and a common conceptual basis in a clinical approach that emphasizes the identification of functional problems.