Resident care needs and work stressors in special care units versus non-specialized long-term care units

TitleResident care needs and work stressors in special care units versus non-specialized long-term care units
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsPekkarinen L., Sinervo T., Elovainio M., Noro A., Finne-Soveri H., Leskinen E.
JournalResearch in Nursing & Health
Volume29
Issue5
Pagination465-476
ISBN Number1098-240X
Abstract

Differences in how elderly residents' care needs affect staff's experiences of work stressors between special care units (SCUs) for dementia and psychiatric residents and non-SCUs were investigated. The data were drawn from 390 staff members in 38 long-term care SCUs, and 587 staff in 53 non-SCUs in Finland. Residents' care needs were based on the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) system measured by the Minimum Data Set 2.0. Work stressors (time-pressure and role-conflicts) were assessed with a staff survey questionnaire. Multiple-group regression analysis showed that residents' dependency in activities of daily living (ADL) was related to increased work stressors only in SCUs. A high proportion of behavioral problems was related to fewer work stressors for SCU staff, but more for non-SCU staff. Work stressors may be reduced by specializing, so that residents with similar care needs are placed together and care is focused. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Res Nurs Health 29: 465-476, 2006

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nur.20157