Identifying Fallers among Home Care Clients with Dementia and Parkinson's Disease

TitleIdentifying Fallers among Home Care Clients with Dementia and Parkinson's Disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBansal S., Hirdes J.P, Maxwell C.J, Papaioannou A., Giangregorio L.M
JournalCan J Aging
Volume35
Issue3
Pagination319-31
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number0714-9808
Accession Number27426223
Keywords*Home Care Services, Accidental Falls/prevention & control/*statistics & numerical data, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, aging, Arthritis/epidemiology, Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology, Case-Control Studies, chutes, Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology, Cohort Studies, dementia, Dementia/*epidemiology, Depression/epidemiology, Dizziness/epidemiology, falls, Female, home care, Humans, instrument d'evaluation des residents en soins a domicile (IERSD), InterRAI, maladie de Parkinson (parkinsonisme), Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Ontario/epidemiology, Parkinson Disease/*epidemiology, Parkinson's disease, Polypharmacy, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, soins a domicile, vieillissement, Vision Disorders/epidemiology
Abstract

Few studies have focused on falls among home care (HC) clients with neurological conditions. This study identified factors that increase risk of falling among HC clients with no recent history of falls, and explored whether risk profiles varied among those with dementia or parkinsonism compared to those without selected neurological conditions. A retrospective cohort design was used and analysis of data from community-based HC clients across Ontario was conducted on a sample of ambulatory clients with dementia, parkinsonism, or none of the selected neurological conditions. Data were obtained from the Resident Assessment Instrument for HC (RAI-HC) assessment. The outcome used in multivariable analyses was whether clients fell during follow-up. Unsteady gait was a strong predictor of falls across all three groups. Co-morbid parkinsonism most strongly predicted falls in the dementia group. Clients with borderline intact to mild cognitive impairment had higher odds of falling within the parkinsonism and comparison groups.

DOI10.1017/s0714980816000325
PMCID

PMC5092149

Short TitleCanadian journal on aging = La revue canadienne du vieillissementCanadian journal on aging = La revue canadienne du vieillissement
Alternate JournalCanadian journal on aging = La revue canadienne du vieillissement