Care in the Community: Home Care Use Among Adults With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Over Time

TitleCare in the Community: Home Care Use Among Adults With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Over Time
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLynn M, Hélène O-K, Katherine MK
JournalJournal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume14
Issue3
Pagination251-254
Abstract

Abstract Community-based healthcare services have quickly evolved over the last few decades to respond to the growing population of older adults, and their desire to remain independent in the community. In Ontario, Canada, deinstitutionalization has resulted in all persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities living—and aging, in the community. This paper compares use of home care services in Ontario among adults (age 18–99 years) with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities over time. Home care use over a 5-year period was compared between a cohort of 46,008 adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities and a random sample of 3,272,080 adults without intellectual and developmental disabilities. Persons with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities received similar types of home care services. Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities had much higher rates of admission to home care, and at much earlier ages. While this remained true over time, slight differences by age were noted between groups. Higher use at earlier ages suggests that home care services are responding to the needs of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Future research should identify (or develop) best practices for promoting independence in the community for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities with healthcare needs.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jppi.12171
DOI10.1111/jppi.12171