Dysphagia in Nursing Home Residents: Management and Outcomes

TitleDysphagia in Nursing Home Residents: Management and Outcomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsN. Peladic J, Orlandoni P., Dell'Aquila G., Carrieri B., Eusebi P., Landi F., Volpato S., Zuliani G., Lattanzio F., Cherubini A.
JournalJ Am Med Dir Assoc
Volume20
Issue2
Pagination147-151
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number1525-8610
Accession Number30249360
Keywordsartificial nutrition, dysphagia, Hospitalization, nursing home, texture modified diet
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To define the prevalence of dysphagia and its associated factors and to investigate the influence of dysphagia and nutritional therapies performed in dysphagic subjects on clinical outcomes, including nutritional status, pressure ulcers, hospitalization, and mortality. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one Italian nursing homes participating in the ULISSE project and 1490 long-stay nursing home residents, older than 65 years, assessed at baseline and reassessed after 6 and 12 months. MEASURES: All participants underwent a standardized comprehensive assessment using the Italian version of the nursing home Minimum Data Set. The activities of daily living Long-Form scale was used to evaluate functional status. Health care professionals assessed dysphagia by means of clinical evaluation. Nutritional status was assessed using the information on weight loss. RESULTS: The prevalence of dysphagia was 12.8%, and 16% of the subjects were treated with artificial nutrition. The mortality rate in subjects with dysphagia was significantly higher compared with that of nondysphagic subjects (27.7% vs 16.8%; P = .0001). The prevalence of weight loss and pressure ulcers was also higher in dysphagic subjects. At variance, dysphagia was not associated with a higher hospitalization risk. CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS: Dysphagia is common in nursing home residents, and it is associated with higher mortality. Therefore, early diagnosis and optimal management of dysphagia should become a priority issue in nursing homes.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30249360
DOI10.1016/j.jamda.2018.07.023
Alternate JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association