|Title||The Role of Medications in Predicting Activity Restriction Due to a Fear of Falling|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Guthrie DM, Fletcher PC, Berg K, Williams E, Boumans N, Hirdes JP|
|Journal||Journal of Aging and Health|
|Date Published||March 1, 2012|
Objectives: To examine the role of medication use and other factors in predicting activity restriction due to a fear of falling (AR/FF). Methods: Older adults were assessed twice with the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The main outcome was limiting going outdoors due to an AR/FF. Medications were recorded by trained assessors. Results: Participants (n = 441) had a mean age of 80.3 (SD = 7.1) years, most were aged 65+ (96.8%) and 29.3% reported activity restriction. Taking nervous system active or cardiovascular medications was associated with AR/FF. In a multivariate model, the main predictors were having 3+ comorbid health conditions, lower (i.e., worse) scores on the BBS, having difficulty with climbing stairs, and having a visual impairment. Discussion: Modifiable risk factors, related to functional impairments, such as difficulties with balance and vision, appear to be more important predictors than medications.