Self-Rated Health, Cognition, and Dual Sensory Impairment Are Important Predictors of Depression Among Home Care Clients in Ontario

TitleSelf-Rated Health, Cognition, and Dual Sensory Impairment Are Important Predictors of Depression Among Home Care Clients in Ontario
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGuthrie DM, Thériault ÉR, Davidson JGS
JournalHome Health Care Management & Practice
Volume28
Issue1
Pagination35-43
Date Published2016/02/01
ISBN Number1084-8223
Abstract

Depression can be a disabling and debilitating condition among older adults (aged 65+). This study examined risk factors for symptoms of depression in a large sample of older home care clients (n = 218,850) in Ontario, Canada, using existing data collected with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC). The RAI-HC has been mandated across the province since 2002. The most important predictors of depression were lower self-rated health (odds ratio [OR] = 3.4), cognitive impairment (OR = 2.9), dual sensory impairment (OR = 1.2), and a primary language other than English or French (OR = 1.5). This suggests that not only physical health but also sensory impairments and communication difficulties increase the risk for depression among home care recipients.

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/1084822315591812
DOI10.1177/1084822315591812