Association between High Proportions of Seriously Mentally Ill Nursing Home Residents and the Quality of Resident Care

TitleAssociation between High Proportions of Seriously Mentally Ill Nursing Home Residents and the Quality of Resident Care
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMcGarry BE, Joyce NR, McGuire TG, Mitchell SL, Bartels SJ, Grabowski DC
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume67
Issue11
Pagination2346-2352
ISBN Number0002-8614
Abstract

OBJECTIVES To examine the association between the quality of care delivered to nursing home residents with and without a serious mental illness (SMI) and the proportion of nursing home residents with SMI. DESIGN Instrumental variable study. Relative distance to the nearest nursing home with a high proportion of SMI residents was used to account for potential selection of patients between high- and low-SMI facilities. Data were obtained from the 2006-2010 Minimum Data Set assessments linked with Medicare claims and nursing home information from the Online Survey, Certification, and Reporting database. SETTING Nursing homes with high (defined as at least 10% of a facility's population having an SMI diagnosis) and low proportions of SMI residents. PARTICIPANTS A total of 58 571 Medicare nursing residents with an SMI diagnosis (ie, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder) and 558 699 individuals without an SMI diagnosis who were admitted to the same nursing homes. MEASUREMENTS Outcomes were nursing home quality measures: (1) use of physical restraints, (2) any hospitalization in the last 3 months, (3) use of an indwelling catheter, (4) use of a feeding tube, and (5) presence of pressure ulcer(s). RESULTS For individuals with SMI, admission to a high-SMI facility was associated with a 3.7 percentage point (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-6.0) increase in the probability of feeding tube use relative to individuals admitted to a low-SMI facility. Among individuals without SMI, admission to a high-SMI facility was associated with a 1.7 percentage point increase in the probability of catheter use (95 CI = .03-3.47), a 3.8 percentage point increase in the probability of being hospitalized (95% CI = 2.16-5.44), and a 2.1 percentage point increase in the probability of having a feeding tube (95% CI = .43-3.74). CONCLUSION Admission to nursing homes with high concentrations of residents with SMI is associated with worse outcomes for both residents with and without SMI. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:2346–2352, 2019

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jgs.16080
DOI10.1111/jgs.16080