|Title||The importance of social relationships, socioeconomic status and health practices with respect to mortality among healthy Ontario males|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1992|
|Authors||Hirdes J.P, Forbes W.F|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Epidemiology|
|Keywords||*Health Behavior, *Interpersonal Relations, *Mortality, Alcohol Drinking/ae [Adverse Effects], Educational Status, Family, Human, Income, Logistic Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Marriage/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data], Middle Aged, Obesity/co [Complications], Ontario/ep [Epidemiology], Organizations, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Smoking/ae [Adverse Effects], Socioeconomic Factors, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
The associations of social relationships, socioeconomic status and health practices with 20-year mortality were examined in a cohort of 2000 Ontario males. A social relationships index comprised of marital status, number of children, family contact and participation in voluntary associations had a strong association with mortality (adjusted relative risk of 0.30, 95% CI 0.11-0.83, comparing the highest 10% with the lowest 10% scores of the index). Among indicators of socioeconomic status, only income was significantly related to mortality with an adjusted relative risk of 0.41 (95% CI 0.23-0.72) for the highest 20% compared with the lowest 20% income group. The adjusted relative risk for smokers compared with non-smokers was 2.26 (95% CI 1.51-3.37). The joint effects of a relatively high score in the social relationships index, high income and being a non-smoker is estimated to represent an approximately 18-fold reduction in the risk of mortality during the follow-up period.
|Alternate Journal||J Clin Epidemiol|