Determinants of late-life depression in residents of long-term care facility

TitleDeterminants of late-life depression in residents of long-term care facility
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHorwath U., Szczerbinska K.
JournalPol Merkur Lekarski
Volume43
Issue257
Pagination213-219
Date PublishedNov 23
ISBN Number1426-9686 (Print)<br/>1426-9686
Accession Number29231914
Keywords*Activities of Daily Living/psychology, *Stress, Psychological, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression/epidemiology/*etiology/psychology, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, late-life depression, Long-Term Care, Long-term care facility (LTCF), Male, Middle Aged, nursing home (NH), Prevalence, resident, Risk Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract

Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF). Late-life depression refers to depressive symptoms that arise in adults older than 65 years. According to literature review, older people tend to differ from middle-aged adults in presentation of depression. AIM: Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF). Late-life depression refers to depressive symptoms that arise in adults older than 65 years. According to literature review, older people tend to differ from middle-aged adults in presentation of depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted over 290 residents in the LTCF in Cracow, using the interRAI-LTCF questionnaire for comprehensive geriatric assessment. The logistic regression was applied in analysis of data. RESULTS: Depression symptoms were observed in 33.8% of LTCF residents. In this population we found some independent of age variables significantly associated with depression, such as: daily pain, existence of psychiatric disorders other than depression, presence of behavioral and/or psychotic symptoms, sleep disturbances, dyspnea and feeling of loneliness. Interestingly, we noticed some differences in the manifestation of depression depending on age in older people. In "old-old" (aged 80 and older) LTCF residents, moderate dependency in activities of daily living (ADL), dyspnea and tendency to conflict with others, were significantly associated with higher prevalence of depression. In turn, "young-old" (younger than 80 years) residents presented more often symptoms of depression in response to stress experienced in last 90 days. CONCLUSIONS: In the light of our study results, depression in older people manifests with dominance of behavioral and/or psychotic symptoms what should be included in the diagnosis and differentiation with dementia and other psychiatric disorders. Moreover, findings from this study make a conclusion that late-life depression has more frequently organic background in very old residents and reactive nature in younger old residents.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29231914
Short TitlePolski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa LekarskiegoPolski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Alternate JournalPolski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego