Skilled nursing facility admissions of nursing home residents with advanced dementia

TitleSkilled nursing facility admissions of nursing home residents with advanced dementia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGivens J.L, Mitchell S.L, Kuo S., Gozalo P., Mor V., Teno J.
JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number0002-8614
Accession Number24117283
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, dementia, Dementia/*nursing, Female, Hospitalization/*statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, nursing home, Retrospective Studies, Skilled Nursing Facilities/*utilization, skilled nursing facility, Terminal Care, United States

OBJECTIVES: To describe the extent to which hospitalized nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia were admitted to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) after a qualifying hospitalization and to identify resident and nursing home characteristics associated with a greater likelihood of SNF admissions. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the Minimum Data Set, Medicare claims, and the On-line Survey Certification of Automated Records. SETTING: United States, 2000-2006. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents with advanced dementia aged 65 and older with a 3-day hospitalization (N = 4,177). MEASUREMENTS: The likelihood of SNF admission after hospitalization was calculated. Resident and nursing home factors associated with SNF admission were identified using hierarchical multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Sixty-one percent of residents with advanced dementia were admitted to a SNF after their hospitalization. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement during hospitalization was strongly associated with SNF admission (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.85-2.88), as was better functional status (AOR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.05-1.38). The presence of diabetes mellitus was associated with lower likelihood of SNF admission (AOR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.73-0.99). Facility features significantly associated with SNF admission included more than 100 beds (AOR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.07-1.46), being part of a chain (AOR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.14-1.50), urban location (AOR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.03-1.41), and for-profit status (AOR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.09-1.51). CONCLUSION: The majority of nursing home residents with advanced dementia are admitted to SNFs after a qualifying hospitalization. SNF admission is strongly associated with PEG tube insertion during hospitalization and with nursing home factors. Efforts to optimize appropriate use of SNF services in individuals with advanced dementia should focus on these factors.



Alternate JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society