Social and functional health of home care clients with different levels of cognitive impairments

TitleSocial and functional health of home care clients with different levels of cognitive impairments
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGarms-Homolova V., Notthoff N., Declercq A., van der Roest H.G, Onder G., Jonsson P., van Hout H.
JournalAging Ment Health
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number1360-7863
Accession Number27813416
Keywords*Activities of Daily Living, *Adaptation, Psychological, *cognitive performance, *everyday coping, *home care clients, *interRAI assessment, *Social health, *Social Skills, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Chronic Disease, Cognition, Cognitive Dysfunction/classification/*diagnosis, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Geriatric Assessment/*methods, Home Care Services, Humans, Male, Severity of Illness Index, Social Participation

OBJECTIVES: The ability to manage one's life with some degree of independence, to fulfill basic obligations, and to participate in social activities are social functions that delineate the core of 'social health'. We examine to what extent clients of community care in Europe (n = 2884) complete such activities despite their cognitive problems. We focus on mildly and moderately impaired people, aged 65+ years. METHODS: Data were collected using the interRAI HC-Assessment in IBenC-project. We tested the association between participants' capacity and performance in three LADLs (instrumental activities of daily living) and their cognitive performance and specific memory problems. RESULTS: About 30% of home care clients in Europe suffer from mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment. Their relatively independent coping with requirements of routine activities is strongly determined by overall cognitive performance. Specific memory functions seem unimportant, except for procedural memory. It is striking that all clients, and particularly those with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment, interact mostly with close relatives and friends. Mild-to-moderate cognitive limitations do not hinder clients from coping semi-independently with routine requirements. DISCUSSION: When considering the influence of cognitive function on clients' capacity and performance in everyday activities and social relations, a comprehensive construct of cognitive function has to be applied.

Alternate JournalAging & mental health