The Effect of Depressive Symptoms and Antidepressant Use on Subsequent Physical Decline and Number of Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study

TitleThe Effect of Depressive Symptoms and Antidepressant Use on Subsequent Physical Decline and Number of Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLuo H., Tang J.YM, Wong G.HY, Chen C.CH, Lum T.YS, Chi I., Lou V.WQ
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume16
Issue12
Pagination1048-1054
Date PublishedDec 1
ISBN Number1525-8610
Accession NumberWOS:000365335300009
Keywordsantidepressant, cost-effectiveness, depressive symptoms, disability, elderly-patients, Hong Kong, Hospitalization, late-life, major depression, mds, medication adherence, nursing home, physical decline, Prevalence, primary-care, Risk
Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether depressive symptoms and antidepressant use at baseline predict the subsequent decline in physical functioning and number of hospitalizations in nursing home residents.Design: Observational study based on Minimum Data Set (MDS) 2.0.Setting: Six nursing homes in Hong Kong.Participants: All nursing home residents (n = 1076) assessed with the MDS 2.0 in 2005 followed until 2013.Measurements: Outcome variables included annual performance in activities of daily living (ADLs) and number of hospitalizations within 90 days before each assessment. The presence of depressive symptoms at baseline was measured by the Resident Assessment Protocol triggered from the MDS 2.0 assessment. Records of antidepressant use and other control variables were exacted directly from the MDS 2.0 assessment.Results: The presence of baseline depressive symptoms did not have significant association with baseline ADLs and number of hospitalizations according to the multilevel mixed-effect model. However, it was associated with a faster deterioration of physical functioning (coefficient 0.03; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.00-0.07) and an increase in the number of hospitalizations (coefficient 0.05; 95% CI 0.03-0.07). No significant difference between elders using antidepressants and elders who were free from depressive symptoms was observed. If depressive symptoms were presented but antidepressants were not used, a much sharper decline was evident (coefficient 0.06; 95% CI 0.02-0.09).Conclusions: This study provided evidence that the presence of depressive symptoms is associated with more utilization of health care services. However, the use of antidepressants may play a significant role in altering the trajectory. The presence of depressive symptoms is a worrisome but treatable condition. Effective intervention/treatment should be called on. (C) 2015 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

DOI10.1016/j.jamda.2015.06.016
Short TitleJournal of the American Medical Directors AssociationJ Am Med Dir Assoc
Alternate JournalJ Am Med Dir Assoc