Development of the interRAI home care frailty scale

TitleDevelopment of the interRAI home care frailty scale
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMorris J.N, Howard E.P, Steel K.R
JournalBMC Geriatr
Date PublishedNov 21
ISBN Number1471-2318
Accession Number27871235
Keywords*Aging/physiology/psychology, *Assessment, *Cognition, *Frailty scale, *Home care, *InterRAI, *Nutrition Assessment, *Social Skills, *Visual Analog Scale, Affect, Aged, Disability Evaluation, Female, Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data, Geriatric Assessment/*methods, Home Care Services/*organization & administration, Humans, Independent Living/psychology, Male

BACKGROUND: The concept of frailty, a relative state of weakness reflecting multiple functional and health domains, continues to receive attention within the geriatrics field. It offers a summary of key personal characteristics, providing perspective on an individual's life course. There have been multiple attempts to measure frailty, some focusing on physiologic losses, others on specific diseases, disabilities or health deficits. Recently, multidimensional approaches to measuring frailty have included cognition, mood and social components. The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate a Home Care Frailty Scale and provide a grounded basis for assessing a person's risk for decline that included functional and cognitive health, social deficits and troubling diagnostic and clinical conditions. METHODS: A secondary analysis design was used to develop the Home Care Frailty Scale. The data set consisted of client level home care data from service agencies around the world. The baseline sample included 967,865 assessments while the 6-month follow-up sample of persons still being served by the home care agencies consisted of 464,788 assessments. A pool of 70 candidate independent variables were screened for possible inclusion and 16 problem outcomes referencing accumulating declines and clinical complications served as the dependent variables. Multiple regression techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The resulting Home Care Frailty Scale consisted of a final set of 29 items. The items fall across 6 categories of function, movement, cognition and communication, social life, nutrition, and clinical symptoms. The prevalence of the items ranged from a high of 87% for persons requiring help with meal preparation to 3.7% for persons who have experienced a recent decline in the amount of food eaten. CONCLUSIONS: The interRAI Home Care Frailty Scale is based on a strong conceptual foundation and in our analysis, performed as expected. Given the use of the interRAI Home Care Assessment System in multiple, diverse countries, the Home Care Frailty Scale will have wide applicability to support program planning and policy decision-making impacting home care clients and their formal and informal caregivers throughout the world.




Short TitleBMC Geriatrics
Alternate JournalBMC geriatrics