Cross-sectional association between behavioral symptoms and potential elder abuse among subjects in home care in Italy: results from the Silvernet Study

TitleCross-sectional association between behavioral symptoms and potential elder abuse among subjects in home care in Italy: results from the Silvernet Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsOgioni L., Liperoti R., Landi F., Soldato M., Bernabei R., Onder G.
JournalAm J Geriatr Psychiatry
Volume15
Issue1
Pagination70-8
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number1064-7481 (Print)<br/>1064-7481 (Linking)
Accession Number17194817
Keywords*Behavioral Symptoms, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Elder Abuse/*psychology/statistics & numerical data, Female, Home Care Services, Humans, Italy, Male, Prevalence, Risk
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of potential elder abuse among older adults receiving home care and to assess the association between behavioral symptoms and potential abuse. METHODS: Data on 4,630 subjects aged 65 or older receiving home care in Italy were collected using the Minimum Data Set for Home Care assessment. Potential abuse included signs of physical or emotional abuse and neglect. Behavioral symptoms were present if the participant exhibited one or more of the following symptoms in the 3 days before the assessment: wandering, verbally abusive, physically abusive, socially inappropriate behavior, and active resistance to care. RESULTS: Mean age of participants was 80.5 years (standard deviation: 7.7) and 2,761 (60%) were female. Signs of potential abuse were identified in 336 of 3,869 (9%) participants without behavioral symptoms and 126 of 761 (17%) with behavioral symptoms. After adjustment for potential confounders, presence of behavioral symptoms was significantly associated with potential abuse (odds ratio [OR]: 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21-2.00). Examining behavioral symptoms separately, wandering was negatively associated with potential abuse (OR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.36-0.97), whereas other symptoms were positively associated with this outcome (verbally abusive behavior OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.24-2.31; physically abusive behavior OR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.00-2.03; socially inappropriate behavior OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.26-2.53; active resistance of care OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.20-2.38). CONCLUSION: Signs of potential abuse are common among older adults in home care in Italy and they are associated with the presence of behavioral symptoms.

DOI10.1097/01.JGP.0000232511.63355.f9
Link

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dop...

Short TitleAm J Geriatr Psychiatry