Exploring Home Care Interventions for Frail Older People in Belgium: A Comparative Effectiveness Study

TitleExploring Home Care Interventions for Frail Older People in Belgium: A Comparative Effectiveness Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMello JAlmeida, Declercq A, Cès S, Van Durme T, Van Audenhove C, Macq J
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Date PublishedNov 2016
ISBN Number0002-8614
Accession Number27676585
Keywords*Frail Elderly, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Belgium, community care, Comparative Effectiveness Research, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Home Care Services/*organization & administration, Humans, Institutionalization/*statistics & numerical data, interRAI Home Care, intervention, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Quality of Life

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of home care interventions for frail older people in delaying permanent institutionalization during 6 months of follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experimental research study, part of a larger study called Protocol 3. SETTING: Community care in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Frail older adults who received interventions (n = 4,607) and a comparison group of older adults who did not (n = 3,633). Organizations delivering the interventions included participants provided they were aged 65 and older, frail, and at risk of institutionalization. A comparison group was established consisting of frail older adults not receiving any interventions. INTERVENTION: Home care interventions were identified as single component (occupational therapy (OT), psychological support, night care, day care) or multicomponent. The latter included case management (CM) in combination with OT and psychological support or physiotherapy, with rehabilitation services, or with OT alone. MEASUREMENTS: The interRAI Home Care (HC) was completed at baseline and every 6 months. Data from a national database were used to establish a comparison group. Relative risks of institutionalization and death were calculated using Poisson regression for each type of intervention. RESULTS: A subgroup analysis revealed that 1,999 older people had mild impairment, and 2,608 had moderate to severe impairment. Interventions providing only OT and interventions providing CM with rehabilitation services were effective in both subpopulations. CONCLUSION: This research broadens the understanding of the effects of different types of community care interventions on the delay of institutionalization of frail older people. This information can help policy-makers to plan interventions to avoid early institutionalization.



Short TitleJournal of the American Geriatrics SocietyJ Am Geriatr Soc
Alternate JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc