Analyses of nursing home residents with HIV and dementia using the minimum data set

TitleAnalyses of nursing home residents with HIV and dementia using the minimum data set
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsBuchanan R.J, Wang S., Huang C.
JournalJ Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
Date PublishedMar 1
Accession Number11242197
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, AIDS Dementia Complex/classification/*epidemiology/therapy, Cognition, Data Collection, Female, Health Services for the Aged, Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Status, HIV Infections/classification/*epidemiology/therapy, Homes for the Aged/*statistics & numerical data, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Needs Assessment/statistics & numerical data, Nursing Homes/*statistics & numerical data, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to profile nursing home residents with HIV who also have dementia at the time of admission, using the Minimum Data Set (MDS). In addition, this paper compares HIV residents with dementia with other residents with HIV. These resident profiles contain sociodemographic characteristics, health status measures, treatments, and procedures. STUDY SUBJECTS: There are 1,074 admission assessments for HIV residents with dementia and 4,040 admission assessments for other residents with HIV in the MDS between June 22, 1998 and January 17, 2000; these were analyzed for this study. RESULTS: Other residents with HIV were twice as likely to be physically independent as HIV residents with dementia. Only 1 of 5 HIV residents with dementia was independent in cognitive skills for daily decision making compared with 3 of 5 other residents with HIV who were independent in these skills. Significantly greater percentages of HIV residents with dementia also had anemia, depression, schizophrenia, cognitive and memory problems, hepatitis, renal failure, and cancer than other residents with HIV. CONCLUSIONS: These analyses demonstrate that HIV residents with dementia were significantly more likely to have other diseases, infections, and health care conditions than other residents with HIV.