Trends in stroke hospitalisation rates and in-hospital mortality in Aragon, 1998-2010

TitleTrends in stroke hospitalisation rates and in-hospital mortality in Aragon, 1998-2010
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGimenez-Munoz A., Ara J.R, Diez J.MAbad, I. Morer C, Trullen J.MPerez
Date PublishedMay
ISBN Number0213-4853
Accession Number27554162
KeywordsAge Factors, Aged, Cerebral Hemorrhage/epidemiology, Cerebrovascular disease, Enfermedad cerebrovascular, Epidemiologia, Epidemiology, Female, Hospital Mortality/*trends, Hospital-based registry, Hospitalisation rates, Hospitalization/*statistics & numerical data, Humans, In-hospital mortality, Incidence, Letalidad hospitalaria, Male, Registries, Registros hospitalarios, Retrospective Studies, spain, Stroke/*epidemiology/mortality, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/epidemiology, Tasas de hospitalizacion, Tendencias temporales, Time trends

INTRODUCTION: Despite the impact of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) on global health, its morbidity and time trends in Spain are not precisely known. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to characterise the epidemiology and trends pertaining to stroke in Aragon over the period 1998-2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study using the data of the Spanish health system's Minimum Data Set and included all stroke patients admitted to acute care hospitals in Aragon between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2010. We present data globally and broken down by stroke subtype, sex, and age group. RESULTS: The number of cases increased by 13% whereas age- and sex-adjusted hospitalisation rates showed a significant decrease for all types of stroke (mean annual decrease of 1.6%). Men and women in younger age groups showed opposite trends in hospitalisation rates for ischaemic stroke. Case fatality rate at 28 days (17.9%) was higher in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (35.8%) than in those with subarachnoid haemorrhage (26.2%) or ischaemic stroke (13%). CVD case fatality showed a mean annual decline of 2.8%, at the expense of the fatality rate of ischaemic stroke, and it was more pronounced in men than in women. DISCUSSION: Understanding stroke epidemiology and trends at the regional level will help establish an efficient monitoring system and design appropriate strategies for health planning.


Short TitleNeurologia (Barcelona, Spain)Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain)
Alternate JournalNeurologia (Barcelona, Spain)
Original PublicationTendencia de las tasas de hospitalizacion y de letalidad hospitalaria de la enfermedad cerebrovascular aguda en Aragon en el periodo 1998-2010.