How different are VA nursing home residents?

TitleHow different are VA nursing home residents?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsMehr D.R, Fries B.E, Williams B.C
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Date PublishedOct
Accession Number8409156
Keywords*Nursing Homes, *Patients, *United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Activities of Daily Living, Age Distribution, Aged, Comparative Study, Continental Population Groups, Diagnosis-Related Groups, Ethnic Groups, Female, Human, length of stay, Male, Marital Status, Mental Disorders, Patients/cl [Classification], Sex Distribution, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S., United States

OBJECTIVE: To identify similarities and differences between VA nursing home residents and other nursing home residents. DESIGN: Comparison of cross-sectional data from three sources. PARTICIPANTS: Residents of VA nursing homes nationwide in early October 1986 (n = 10,117); participants in the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS) (n = 5,243); residents assessed in New York State nursing homes in 1988 (n = 94,840). MEASURES: Age-stratified comparisons were made between the VA and the NNHS for gender, marital status, race, ethnicity, length of stay, activities of daily living (ADL) status, and selected diagnoses and conditions. Additionally, case-mix data were compared between the VA and the New York State populations. MAIN RESULTS: The population of VA nursing homes is overwhelmingly men (96.1% versus 28.4% in the NNHS), and 31.2% of the VA population is under 65 years of age compared with 11.6% in the NNHS. Young ( < 65) VA residents are considerably more impaired in ADL than young residents in the NNHS; differences are less pronounced in those over 65 years old. VA case mix is slightly higher than the overall New York State population though the distribution of residents into categories in the Resource Utilization Groups, Version II system is somewhat different. CONCLUSIONS: VA nursing homes contain a substantial distinctive population of seriously impaired residents under 65 years of age. Though differences exist, older VA residents have many similarities to residents of non-VA nursing homes and constitute a functionally impaired population that can provide insights into the status of nursing home residents generally.


Short TitleJournal of the American Geriatrics SocietyJ Am Geriatr Soc
Alternate JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc