Prevalence and predictors of influenza vaccination in long-term care homes: a cross-national retrospective observational study

TitlePrevalence and predictors of influenza vaccination in long-term care homes: a cross-national retrospective observational study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMulla R.T, Turcotte L.A, Wellens N.IH, Angevaare M.J, Weir J., Jantzi M., Hebert P.C, Heckman G.A, van Hout H., Millar N., Hirdes J.P
JournalBMJ Open
Keywords*influenza vaccination, *influenza vaccine/dt [Drug Therapy], *influenza/dt [Drug Therapy], *influenza/pc [Prevention], Aged, Aggression, article, cognitive defect, controlled study, cross-sectional study, Female, Human, long term care, major clinical study, Male, Netherlands, New Brunswick, observational study, Prevalence, retrospective study, switzerland, Terminal Care, tobacco, very elderly

Objective To compare facility-level influenza vaccination rates in long-term care (LTC) homes from four countries and to identify factors associated with influenza vaccination among residents. Design and setting Retrospective cross-sectional study of individuals residing in LTC homes in New Brunswick (Canada), New Zealand, Switzerland, and the Netherlands between 2017 and 2020. Participants LTC home residents assessed with interRAI assessment system instruments as part of routine practice in New Brunswick (n=7006) and New Zealand (n=34 518), and national pilot studies in Switzerland (n=2760) and the Netherlands (n=1508). End-of-life residents were excluded from all country cohorts. Outcomes Influenza vaccination within the past year. Results Influenza vaccination rates among LTC home residents were highest in New Brunswick (84.9%) and lowest in Switzerland (63.5%). For all jurisdictions where facility-level data were available, substantial interfacility variance was observed. There was approximately a fourfold difference in the coefficient of variation for facility-level vaccination rates with the highest in Switzerland at 37.8 and lowest in New Brunswick at 9.7. Resident-level factors associated with vaccine receipt included older age, severe cognitive impairment, medical instability, health conditions affecting a greater number of organ systems and social engagement. Residents who displayed aggressive behaviours and smoke tobacco were less likely to be vaccinated. Conclusion There are opportunities to increase influenza vaccine uptake at both overall country and individual facility levels. Enhanced vaccine administration monitoring programmes in LTC homes that leverage interRAI assessment systems should be widely adopted.Copyright © 2022 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Short TitleBMJ Open