A Qualitative Exploration of Proactive Falls Prevention by Canadian Primary Care Providers

TitleA Qualitative Exploration of Proactive Falls Prevention by Canadian Primary Care Providers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsNova AA, A. George H, Giangregorio LM, Mohamed A
JournalCanadian Geriatrics Journal
Start PageOriginal Research
Date Published09/02

BackgroundFalls are a growing concern in Canada. Primary care providers are well positioned to address falls risk, but international literature suggests that best-practice guidelines are rarely followed. The objective of this study is to explore the perspectives of Canadian primary care providers around falls prevention and identify solutions.MethodsWe conducted one-on-one qualitative interviews with a maximum variation sample of nine primary care providers in Ontario (n=8) and Alberta (n=1) in Canada. Data were collected over telephone and in-person at the location of participants choosing. Audio recordings of the interviews were transcribed, then coded and analyzed with the Behaviour Change Wheel theoretical framework. ResultsMost participants reported relying on patient self-report, intuition, and reactive approaches to identifying falls risk. Reported barriers to falls prevention included low capability to gather information on patient history, context, and community resources; limited opportunity to manage patient complexity due to time constraints; and challenges with motivating patients to engage in care plans. Reported facilitators included team-based interprofessional care and provider motivation.ConclusionsThis study has found that Canadian primary care providers face barriers to identifying and managing falls risk. These barriers may be rooted in primary care culture, structure, and tradition.