[Urinary incontinence in patients in long-term institutional care. Results of an international study in 8 countries]

Title[Urinary incontinence in patients in long-term institutional care. Results of an international study in 8 countries]
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsTopinkova E., Sgadari A., Haas T.
JournalCas Lek Cesk
Date PublishedSep 17
ISBN Number0008-7335<br/>0008-7335 (Linking)
Accession Number9600131
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Czech Republic/epidemiology, Europe/epidemiology, Fecal Incontinence/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Japan/epidemiology, Male, Nursing Homes, Prevalence, United States/epidemiology, Urinary Incontinence/ epidemiology

BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) represents a prevalent nursing problem in geriatric facilities. Yet, comparison of the Czech Republic with countries using different chronic care system has not been conducted. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from INTERRAI international database from 8 countries: Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Sweden and USA have been evaluated in the sample of 280,271 nursing home residents. Prevalence of bladder and bowel incontinence and correlates with selected clinical factors have been determined and national samples compared with the results of 1080 patients in the Czech Republic. Prevalence of UI reached from 42.9% in Japan to 65.2% in France. France and CR belong to countries with the highest prevalence of both bladder and bowel incontinence. Cognitive impairment and dependency in ambulation are factors significantly associated with UI in all countries (p < 0.001). Immobility, age, gender and urinary tract infection reached the statistical significance only in some countries. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of bladder and bowel incontinence has been demonstrated in an extended sample of nursing home residents. Common protocol Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) and creation of a large cross-national database are opening up possibilities for a new level of clinical research in geriatrics.

Short TitleCasopis lekaru ceskych
Alternate JournalCasopis lekaru ceskych