The interRAI CHESS scale is comparable to the palliative performance scale in predicting 90-day mortality in a palliative home care population

TitleThe interRAI CHESS scale is comparable to the palliative performance scale in predicting 90-day mortality in a palliative home care population
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsWilliams N, Hermans K, Cohen J, Declercq A, Jakda A, Downar J, Guthrie DM, Hirdes JP
JournalBMC Palliative Care
Date PublishedOct 6
ISBN Number1472-684x
Accession Number36203180
Keywords*Home Care Services, *Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing, Assessment, end-of-life, home care, Humans, InterRAI, palliative care, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies

BACKGROUND: Prognostic accuracy is important throughout all stages of the illness trajectory as it has implications for the timing of important conversations and decisions around care. Physicians often tend to over-estimate prognosis and may under-recognize palliative care (PC) needs. It is therefore essential that all relevant stakeholders have as much information available to them as possible when estimating prognosis. AIMS: The current study examined whether the interRAI Changes in Health, End-Stage Disease, Signs and Symptoms (CHESS) Scale is a good predictor of mortality in a known PC population and to see how it compares to the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) in predicting 90-day mortality. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from 2011 to 2018 on 80,261 unique individuals receiving palliative home care and assessed with both the interRAI Palliative Care instrument and the PPS. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between the main outcome, 90-day mortality and were then replicated for a secondary outcome examining the number of nursing visits. Comparison of survival time was examined using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. RESULTS: The CHESS Scale was an acceptable predictor of 90-day mortality (c-statistic = 0.68; p < 0.0001) and was associated with the number of nursing days (c = 0.61; p < 0.0001) and had comparable performance to the PPS (c = 0.69; p < 0.0001). The CHESS Scale performed slightly better than the PPS in predicting 90-day mortality when combined with other interRAI PC items (c = 0.72; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The interRAI CHESS Scale is an additional decision-support tool available to clinicians that can be used alongside the PPS when estimating prognosis. This additional information can assist with the development of care plans, discussions, and referrals to specialist PC teams. Copyright © 2022, The Author(s).

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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.




Short TitleBMC palliative careBMC palliative care
Alternate JournalBMC Palliat Care